The Basic Rules of Ukrainian Grammar

Dear friends,

As I promised, in today’s article, I will describe the basic principles of Ukrainian grammar (I highly recommend you to learn some basic rules of Russian grammar → just click HERE). I have to say that the Ukrainian language is sufficiently complex. For anyone trying to learn this language, the process can be a little daunting and trying. But there are a few simple tips to help you stay on the right track towards learning this beautiful language. Try to learn the basic rules of Ukrainian grammar and you’ll be off on a good start towards getting the language down.

Basics of Ukrainian Grammar:

The first thing you’ll need to know when you learn this language is that it is written in 33 letters of the Cyrillic alphabet. The grammatical structures are also a bit different than those of the English language, so you’ll need to grasp some of these quickly. Compared to English, the Ukrainian language has 7 cases and 2 numbers. The nominative and accusative cases are used most frequently within the sentence structure of this language. It does bear some similarity to Latin inspired Romance languages in its use of these cases.

Ukrainian Language: General Information

Sentence order:

One of the basic rules of Ukrainian Grammar will be understanding how most sentences flow in a particular order. For this language, the word order in sentences is usually subject, verb and object. There can be some changes made to this order depending on the meaning of the sentence.

Interestingly, the language allows its user to include many negatives throughout its spoken text. One common phrase is written as “nikomy nixto nikoly“, and roughly translated means “never no-one”. It can be used to describe when someone did not do something as they were expected to do. This is strange to English ears because double negatives are not traditionally used in that language.

Gender rules:

For most spoken sentences, adjectives will have to agree with the gender subject being spoken of in the phrase. This means that the speaker will have to learn the different gendered adjectives while learning the language. This may be difficult, but it is one of the basic rules of Ukrainian grammar.

All of the Ukrainian pronouns and most nouns will also have their own gender forms for the learner to pick up on in conversation. Improper usage of gendered terms is one of the easiest ways to pick up on whether someone is a native Ukrainian speaker or not.

Number orders:

Learning to count to ten may be one of the very first steps the learner will take towards picking up on the Ukrainian language. It can allow them to practice some of the inflections present in many different Ukrainian words and phrases. It is also important because numbers will allow for some rudimentary forms of communication.

The user may begin to learn these numbers by reciting them in order (e.g., odyn, dva, try for one, two, three). However, if the speaker is truly going to be fluent they will have to be able to say these numbers out of order as well. This is because they may have to ask for a price or the time, which rarely occurs in a simple order. They’ll also need to know the difference between the cardinal and nominative forms. But this is a more difficult lesson that is best saved for later on in their learning process.

ukrainian language

Once the learner has picked up on some of the basic rules of Ukrainian grammar, they may begin advancing slowly. Remember that it is important to learn to both speak and write the forms of any language. This can help the person to gain fluency much faster than if they focused on one form of the Ukrainian tongue alone.



Questions? Feel free to ask Krystyna, your Ukrainian dating expert 🙂 (s. here: Contact Krystyna)



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